Paedobaptism (also called infant baptism, covenant baptism, and household baptism) is the most common form of baptism practiced in Christianity throughout its history. As the name indicates, it is baptism for a person while an infant or child, commonly performed within the first two years of life. In Protestant traditions of paedobaptism, since such a baptism does not require the active participation of the baptized (as with a “believer’s baptism”), the intent of the act and the liturgies of the worship services surrounding it are quite different from adult or believer’s baptism. Whereas a believer’s baptism is a willful act of the baptized, infant baptism is considered to be a symbolic as well as a mysterious act of God by which a claim is placed upon the child’s life by God and the Church. Such a claim does not ensure the salvation of the baptized, as believed within the Roman Catholic Church, but rather follows the Biblical tradition of God’s calling people to himself and that the hope of what is to come is not found within the abilities or effectiveness of the baptized but within God himself. Thus the freedom that the Church has to baptize children relies on the basis that God’s purposes will be accomplished despite the frailty of the baptized Church. This freedom is confirmed within Reformed theology as a continuance of the sacrament of circumcision under the Abrahamic covenant.